VI. Policies of China's Central Government toward the Dalai Lama
95. The Dalai Lama was awarded the "Nobel Peace Prize" abroad, and some people call him "guardian of human rights" and "advocator of non-violence." How would you comment on this?
A: The Dalai Lama is not merely a religious figure. Rather, he is a political exile who has long been engaged in activities aimed at splitting China and undermining national unity. He has organized armed forces, engaged in violent activities and instigated disturbances.
The Old Tibet under the rule of the 14th Dalai Lama had long been a society of feudal serfdom under the despotic theocratic rule of lamas and nobles; a society darker and crueler still than that of European serfdom in the Middle Ages. Serf-owners exerted savage and cruel punishment, such as gouging out eyes, cutting off ears, hands or feet, and pulling out tendons of their serfs. The Dalai Lama fled abroad because he opposed reform of this backward and inhuman feudal serfdom, whereby serfs might live as fee human beings rather than being regarded as mere chattel. Giving him the title of "human rights guardian" makes a travesty of the whole concept of human rights.
Since fleeing abroad, the Dalai Lama has established the "government-in-exile," organized armed forces and engaged in terrorist activities, and in the 1980s he also instigated riots in Tibet, causing enormous damage to and loss of local property. In recent years he has also violated religious rituals and historical conventions, having sabotaged the reincarnation of the Panchen Lama. In the light of all this, it is absurd to make such a person "winner of the Nobel Peace Prize" and "advocate of non-violence." The Chinese government firmly opposes any foreigners that use the Dalai to interfere in China's internal affairs, and opposes any action aimed at splitting China.
96. What is the central government's view on the Dalai's "nonviolence"?
A: Since the Dalai Lama fled abroad in 1959, he has been engaged in activities that split the motherland and sabotage national unity, despite claiming to advocate "non-violence." In 1959 the Dalai Clique staged an armed rebellion in Tibet. The rioters robbed monasteries of jewelry, valuable Buddhist statuary and other treasures, killed Tibetan cadres, and plundered property. After the failure of this rebellion, the self-exiled Tibetan separatists organized armed forces, and began making raids on Tibetan border areas, harassing, sabotaging, severely threatening and harming the lives and property of local Tibetans, and disturbing public order. During the disturbances instigated by a handful of separatists in Lhasa in September 1987, rioters severely disrupted the daily life of the city's residents with their destruction, sabotage, burning and killing. Their violence caused enormous losses, both in terms of people's lives and their property. In the face of such violent terrorism, the Dalai Lama can hardly lay the blame on someone else, and how can this be called "non-violence"?
97. What policies does the Chinese government have towards the Dalai Lama regarding contacts and negotiations?
A: The policy of the Central Government towards the Dalai Lama has been consistent and clear-cut, that is, the Dalai Lama truly gives up his proposition for "Tibet independence," stops all activities aimed at separating the motherland, and publicly recognizes that Tibet is an inalienable part of China, Taiwan is a province of China, and the government representing the whole of China.
98. Why have the negotiations between the central government and the Dalai Lama made so little progress?
A: since 1979, the central government has received the Dalai's private representatives on several occasions. However, due to obstruction from the Dalai, contacts have been intermittent. The Dalai has constantly changed his tactics: when he believes the situation to be in his favor, he suspends contacts, and when he feels the reverse to be true, he demands contact. Even when he is in contact with the central government, he never gives up his separatist activities at home and abroad.
Facts indicate that the Dalai Lama is not sincere in his negotiations with the central government, but tries to sway public opinion for "Tibet independence" under the guise of negotiation. Therefore, the Dalai Lama should be held totally responsible for the stagnation in negotiations.
99. At present, the Dalai Lama is received by certain foreign governments and officials. What is the attitude of the central government towards this?
A: The Dalai issue is not religious, but political. The Dalai Lama is not merely a religious figure. Rather, he is a political exile that has long been engaged in activities aimed at splitting China and undermining national unity.
The Chinese government firmly opposes the Dalai Lama's political activities aimed at splitting China, in any country under any name, and opposes the official figures of any country to receive the Dalai Lama in any name of form.
100. What is the viewpoint of ordinary Lhasa inhabitants regarding the Dalai Lama?
A: This question may be answered by the results of a survey recently carried out in Lhasa. According to questionnaires completed by 100 households in Lhasa's Chengguan District conducted in early 2001, 86 percent of Lhasa inhabitants believe that, "the Dalai is a separatist." According to a research fellow of social sciences, "The results of the survey indicate that more and more Buddhist followers in Tibet have extricated themselves from blind worship of the Dalai Lama. The Tibetan people cherish their happy life more and more. The survey also indicates that the Dalai has lost popular support."
The questionnaire covers 24 items, including inhabitants' housing and economic conditions, children's education, religious beliefs, political views, etc. the 100 households surveyed included 376 people, among them 129 Buddhist followers. Most of the heads of the families surveyed were Buddhists. In answering the question "What kind of a person is the Dalai Lama to your mind?" 86 percent of the inhabitants answered, "The Dalai Lama is a separatist or politician"; 6 percent of participants in the survey did not answer this question. Only 4 percent answered "The Dalai is a religious leader" while 4 percent answered "The Dalai is a deity or Living Buddha."
A woman aged 35 answered in her questionnaire, "I have never seen the Dalai, and I don't worship the Dalai. What I am concerned with is whether my child can be enrolled in a Tibetan class in the interior area."
A resident aged 73 said, "I used to think the Dalai Lama was our savior, and that he cold help me live a happy life. But it was only a handful of serf-owners that enjoyed their lives, while serfs and slaves led the life of beggars. Now we live in peace and contentment." The old man continued, "What the Dalai Lama has done abroad is really disappointing."
In answering the question "What has made you happiest since the peaceful liberation of Tibet?" more that 90 percent of the inhabitants answered, "the smashing of the shackles of feudal serfdom, emancipation of a million serfs who subsequently become masters of their own society, and a new life of equality, harmony and independence."
In filling in the questionnaire, inhabitants did not reveal their names, and wrote in the Tibetan language. The oldest participant in the survey was 80 and the youngest was 25. Among them were former owners of manors, serfs and slaves, and also middle-aged and young people born since the peaceful liberation of Tibet. There were also those who had fled abroad with the Dalai and later come back to lhasa to settle down.