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Q&A: Tibet and the Chinese Revolution of 1911
    Date:10-10-2011 Source:tibet.cn Author:    

The "1911 Revolution", an armed uprising terminated 2,000 years of the imperial rule of China and resulted in a republican government, the first one in Asia. As a part of China, the territorial ownership of Tibet at that time shifted as well. The article explains to you the changes happened in Tibet after this dramatic revolution.

1.What's the 1911 Revolution?

The 1911 Revolution, which began on October 10, 1911 with an armed uprising, ended 2,000 years of imperial rule by toppling the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) and resulted in a republican government, the first in Asia.

As 1911 was called Xinhai according to the traditional Chinese way of numbering years, the revolution is named "Xinhai Revolution" in Chinese.

2.Who is the leader?

Dr. Sun Yat-sen staged 10 uprisings against the Qing's rule before the Wuchang Uprising on Oct.10, 1911 finally led to the collapse of the Qing Dynasty and the establishment of the Republic of China.

3.What's the policy about the territorial ownership of Tibet after the 1911 Revolution?

Since the Qing Dynasty was overthrown, the consistent stand was taken by the successive Chinese Central Governments towards the Sovereignty over Tibet after the Revolution of 1911.

4.What is the new blueprint for Tibet?  

On Dec. 22,1899, Sun published "the Current Map of China," in which he proposed building a railway from East China's Shanghai to Chengdu, capital of southwest China's Sichuan Province, before extending it westward by way of Sichuan Province to Tibet.

After the government of the Republic of China was proclaimed in 1911, Sun emphasized that the military strength was a necessary precondition to solving the Tibet issue: "If China's military strength had been big enough to defense the national frontiers, the British imperialists would not have dared to invade Tibet."

5.What is the attitude of the Tibet Region towards the Central Government of China after the Revolution of 1911?
The thirteenth Dalai Lama extremely hated the British and other foreign aggressive forces who meddled actively in Tibetan affairs by taking advantage of the declining situation of the late Qing political power. He called on the Tibetan people to rise up and hit back the British invasion in 1904.

In 1919 the Central Government of the Republic of China sent special envoys Zhu Xiu and Li Zhonglian to Tibet. They met the Dalai Lama and the Panchen Erdeni, explained the policy towards Tibet of the Central Government, removed previous ill will and doubts, and mediated between the parties.

 
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